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Thank you for visiting our latest innovative genealogy tool that will keep you up-to-date on all the happenings in the genealogy world both locally and elsewhere. As your guide and 'Head Bones Collector' for this blog, the primary goal is to provide information that can be referred to over and over again. We're very glad you stopped by! Visit us in person on 3rd floor of the Main Library in the Heritage Room!
Queensland Genealogy Research Tips - Informative website giving a brief overview of some important sources for genealogy, family history and local history research in Queensland, Australia (especially at Queensland State Archives). For more detailed information and problem-solving research strategies see the book Tips for Queensland Research. It's in some libraries, but be sure to use the current (2008) edition.
British Newspapers, 1800 - 1900 The site contains:
- Millions of articles from 49 London, national and regional newspaper (1800 - 1900) titles.
- Over two million pages - all fully text searchable with keywords in context visible in the results list.
- 1000's of illustrations, maps, tables and photographs.
Use this website to:
- Search and find results by newspaper, title, and article type.
- Find people, property, legal notices, and advertisements.
- Print, email, download, and save articles and page images.
- Explore bonus content: biographies, publication histories, timelines and more.
Two separate pricing plans available depending on viewing needs.
"Established in 1967, the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick collects and preserves the documents of the people, institutions and government of the province. Most of the holdings are for the period from 1784, when New Brunswick was made a separate province of British North America. However, some materials relating to the earlier exploration, Acadian and pre-Loyalist periods have also been acquired.
Under provincial legislation the Archives has responsibility to assemble, and to make available for research, records bearing upon the history of New Brunswick. The Records Management Program ensures the regular transfer and archival retention of all non-current government records that have permanent legal and historical value. The records of individuals, churches, businesses and associations are acquired through donation of original material, and loans for copying.
The documents in the Archives are provincial treasures. Many are fundamental in protecting the rights and interests of the people, or are essential for understanding and preserving our heritage and culture. Materials which are not in archives, particularly those in danger of being lost or destroyed, should be brought to the attention of the Archives staff."
Genealogy Scrapbooking: Throughout several decades now, people have used several ways of preserving their family history. Maintaining photo albums and photo collages are some of the ways of maintaining a family history. People generally maintain family history to try and get the future generations acquainted with their roots and also to treasure their family members. A comparatively newer way of maintaining family history could be scrap booking family history. In fact, remember childhood times, when as students assignments were given to maintain a scrapbook for school. Scrap booking is a method for preserving a legacy of written history in the form of photographs, printed media, and memorabilia contained in decorated albums, or scrapbooks.
What is a genealogy scrapbook? A genealogy scrapbook is a scrapbook designed to trace a family's tree through pictures and photos handed down from generation to generation. Photographs are quickly being replaced by digital images and photos from parents and grandparent's era are beginning to deteriorate, even with the best of care. If they are not taken care of and treated well by storing in maintained scrapbooks, these pictures will be lost forever.
The first step to creating a heritage album is choosing the actual album. The album should reflect the contents of what is to be put inside. For example, one may want to consider a high quality album in deep rich tones for a heritage scrapbook. Or, an album that uses top loading pages, not knowing when a new photograph that fits somewhere in the middle of a book, for instance, will show up. Top loading pages make it easy to change the order around when needed.
After choosing an album, it is time to choose paper. Always use acid and lignin free papers in scrapbooks to preserve photographs. Since old photographs are most likely going to be black and white or sepia tones, choose colors that will interact well with that color palate. Cream, burgundy, navy blue, gold, silver, and other rich tones work best in heritage albums. If using patterned papers, make sure that the pattern has an antique look to it, otherwise it will clash with the overall theme of the scrapbook.
Before starting a genealogy scrapbook, check the supplies and make sure there is enough paper on hand, but also avoid the temptation to run out and buy everything in sight. If more supplies are needed, it's easy to go out and get more paper or stickers. Consider the types of embellishments to be added and spend money on those. In a genealogy album, the types of embellishments are extremely important; say, to be able to add that "aged look" to enhance the photos being used.
Once some basic supplies have been purchased, get out the pictures. Don't forget to ask family and friends if they have any old pictures that could be browsed through that they are keeping in a shoebox somewhere. Find the appropriate pictures to include, and then take them to a store that has a one-hour-photo. Most one-hour-photos have a machine that allows scanning a picture and reproduce it. Do this for as many of the pictures as possible, because chances are the old photograph is already starting to fade and decay. By making a copy of it, pictures can be preserved for several more generations. It's fortunate that black and white photographs are more durable than their color counterparts, but by taking the time to preserve them now, the originals can be given back and the copies used.
At the start of assembling a genealogy scrapbook, the ultimate goal the creation of what will hopefully become a family heirloom passed down through generations. By doing research and finding as many names and dates as possible about the people in the pictures, write the information down and keep track it in the book. Remember, this project is more than just a scrapbook, the book will be a valuable keepsake for future generations.
With the pictures try to make sure to use a contrasting color for the background paper. This will help to bring the details out in the pictures. Combine the pictures and the journaling together in a pleasant manner; also include documents that relate to different aspects of their life. Certificates, military papers, work related items, newspaper articles, tickets from a show, or quotes from an interview. Don't put too many items on a page though or it will look crowded. Spread it out. Add three dimensional items whenever possible because it helps to make the person more real. Other family members can feel and see the item. Also, use words and memories about past ancestors because this gives a different point of view of the person. Add imagination and use pleasing colors, shapes, lace or leather, whatever fits the personality of the person that is being researched. The most important thing is to bring out memories of that ancestor.
There are many ways to preserve family memories and history, using photos, videos, words, and music with the ability to make a digital scrapbook. With the computer and many programs available for choosing hundreds of designs and add in photos and videos. Customize color combination, journal entries, and different embellishments with photos to enhance the history of the family. Recap the last family reunion as soon as possible and the memories will be fresh. Sharing the family's happiest memories with others are so much fun but also gratifying. Share discoveries when doing family research with other family members. It is amazing how little may be known about a family and how interesting it can be. Preserving family history can also be vital information needed for future generations. Bigger items such as a wedding dress, pocket watch, Purple Heart award or family quilt that can't be captured on a page can be included by photocopying or scanning them and using the copies in the history.
The hardest part of scrap booking and preserving family history is getting started or getting organized. It can look overwhelming at first. Work and organize by sorting photos in files or boxes that are archival safe. Make sure to label them by person, family, time-period, life-stages or other theme. Then assemble all the materials needed to scrapbook pages together. If working with digital items, then get all of the programs and materials needed to achieve the project in that manner. The digital programs are very easy to follow and are very user friendly.
Family history and genealogy is much more meaningful when it is shared with the living relatives and preserved for future generations. It's important to share the present, preserve the past, and share the history. Connect with family members and work together on the memories and preserving old family photos of importance. Family history can be shared and displayed in a lot of ways, such as a family tree, a time line, or a chart. There are many online resources to help families with ideas and tips of family history. There are many resources online that will help with every little step of a family history, a family history CD, or an online blog, from writing to designing to publication.
Some families like the more personal touch and like to hand write the history or at least journal parts of the entries. It can be very relaxing for a lot of people to scrapbook. Some families have got together for special occasions like 80th birthday or 50th anniversaries and have every person in the family do one page with photos and memories of that person and then compile the pages into a scrapbook history book for the person. It is a great way to celebrate their history and their life.
When tracing a family's history it is important to remember the importance of preserving not only the stories of the past, but also the stories of the living. Encourage family members to record memories for posterity with one of these wonderful journal type history books. Have questions with ample room in which there is room to write answers. This will become a treasured part of the family history for generations to come. Remember how important it is to share the present, preserve the past, and record the history for future generations.
Documenting your family history can be a long process that involves plenty of research. Instead of simply using that information to complete a family tree, consider scrap booking family history for future generations so that they can come to know about their roots. This allows them to put faces with names of those who they never got a chance to meet. Scrap booking family history involves making sure the right information is available before starting. Make sure to incorporate all the accurate details and information when beginning the process for scrap booking family history. Try not to exclude any family members during the scrap booking efforts and try to make sure there is at least some information about all members of the family. To make the process easier, use loose leaf pages when scrap booking family history. This way if a mistake is discovered, then just add the additional family members and keep things in chronological order.
Don't let precious photos fade away in an old shoe box or old photo album. Don't let those precious stories of past ancestors go untold. Gather the pictures and put them together with the stories of ancestors in an organized manner that will preserve the history of their life. Much can be learned from a family's past and there can be much to enjoy getting to know them through the pictures and stories. So much can be done to display a family's heritage story, and it is a story. Being part of a family that started further back than anyone can remember; tell everyone about it in a unique way. By telling a story of real life, make sure to tell the good times and the bad times.
Fact: At times preserving old photographs becomes a little tedious as they have the tendency of getting worn out easily. Scrapbooking family history offers a good method for protecting them from further damage or deterioration. Photos can be easily copied at copy centers just as long as they are not professional photos that are copyright protected. If the photos are very old, consider copying them in black and white for scrap booking family history. This allows the use a high quality photo while persevering the era of the photo.
Tip: Scrap booking family history can make a wonderful birthday or anniversary gift for parents and grandparents. They will definitely treasure a sentimental gift. Scrap booking family history may not seem important right now but in the future, it actually has the potential of being one of the most treasured possessions of every family, after all who does not love to remember their family members, especially if they are away from them. Family is the one support system that supports without expecting anything in return. We all make friends but it is our family that supports us without even asking us to do so. Therefore, we should make sure that we know our family members and try to get our future generations to know about them. Bottom line, start collecting the materials and start scrap booking family history.
Excellent resource for researching in Colorado: "Newspapers are one of the most versatile and heavily used sources of information for researchers,genealogists, students and the general public. Feature stories, society news, classified and picture advertisements, school and church announcements, news from surrounding towns, editorials and cartoons, all give the reader the sense of "being there." Often the papers contain historical information that is not available in any other source.
About Colorado Historic Newspapers
The Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC) currently includes 147 newspapers published in Colorado from 1859 to 1923. CHNC contains over 477,000 digitized pages and is a joint endeavor of the Colorado State Library, the Colorado Historical Society, and generous donors throughout the state."
A new twist has been added to the arsenal of the Huntsville Heritage Room’s resources that are being made available to the public. First of all, for those with an interest in accessing Heritage Quest Online from home, there is now a brief instructional video available that gives step-by-step instructions on accessing Heritage Quest. (Note: Be sure to copy the entire link into the browser’s address field). Viewing of the video does require the latest updated version of the Adobe Flash Player. Also, users MUST have a Huntsville-Madison County Public Library card and the PIN number from the card record to be able to take advantage of this feature.
The second newest resource is the addition of live webinars that will be presented periodically on topics of genealogical interest. The first of these will be held Thursday, October 22nd at 3 PM. Again, the Adobe Flash Player is necessary to participate in the FREE program offerings, which adds a new dimension to the digital services offered by the Huntsville-Madison County Public Library and into the expanding field of genealogical research. Instructions for participating in the program will be emailed Wednesday.
Both of these are being kicked-off this month in conjunction with Family History Month which lasts the entire month of October.
Terms and Meanings of Genealogical Words
Last month's newsletter covered the subjects of occupations and initials, whereas, this month will be on common (and not so common) genealogy terms. Many of these may already be familiar while others will be new in nature.
Glossary of Genealogy Terms
- ABSTRACT - Summary of important points of a given text, especially deeds and wills.
- ACRE - See measurements.
- ADMINISTRATION (of estate) - The collection, management and distribution of an estate by proper legal process.
- ADMINISTRATOR (of estate) - Person appointed to manage or divide the estate of a deceased person.
- ADMINISTRATRIX - A female administrator.
- AFFIDAVIT - A statement in writing, sworn to before proper authority.
- ALIEN - Foreigner.
- ANCESTOR - A person from whom you are descended; a forefather.
- ANTE - Latin prefix meaning before, such as in ante-bellum South, "The South before the war"
- APPRENTICE - One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement or by any means to serve another person for a certain time, with a view of learning an art or trade.
- APPURTENANCE - That which belongs to something else such as a building, orchard, right of way, etc.
- ARCHIVES - Records of a government, organization, institution; the place where records are stored.
- ATTEST - To affirm; to certify by signature or oath.
- BANNS - Public announcement of intended marriage.
- BENEFICIARY - One who receives benefit of trust or property.
- BEQUEATH - To give personal property to a person in a will. Noun -- bequest.
- BOND - Written, signed, witnessed agreement requiring payment of a specified amount of money on or before a given date.
- BOUNTY LAND WARRANT - A right to obtain land, specific number of acres of unallocated public land, granted for military service.
- CENSUS - Official enumeration, listing or counting of citizens.
- CERTIFIED COPY - A copy made and attested to by officers having charge of the original and authorized to give copies.
- CHAIN - See measurements.
- CHATTEL - Personal property which can include animate as well as inanimate properties.
- CHRISTEN - To receive or initiate into the visible church by baptism; to name at baptism; to give a name to.
- CIRCA - About, near, or approximate -- usually referring to a date.
- CODICIL - Addition to a will.
- COLLATERAL ANCESTOR - Belong to the same ancestral stock but not in direct line of descent; opposed to lineal such as aunts, uncles & cousins.
- COMMON ANCESTOR - Ancestor shared by any two people.
- CONSANGUINITY - Blood relationship.
- CONSORT - Usually, a wife whose husband is living
- CONVEYANCE - See deed.
- COUSIN - Relative descended from a common ancestor, but not a brother or sister.
- DAUGHTER-IN-LAW - Wife of one's son.
- DECEASED - Dead.
- DECEDENT - A deceased person.
- DECLARATION OF INTENTION - First paper, sworn to and filed in court, by an alien stating that he wants to be come a citizen.
- DEED - A document by which title in real property is transferred from one party to another.
- DEPOSITION - A testifying or testimony taken down in writing under oath of affirmation in reply to interrogatories, before a competent officer to replace to oral testimony of a witness.
- DEVISE - Gift of real property by will.
- DEVISEE - One to whom real property (land) is given in a will.
- DEVISOR - One who gives real property in a will.
- DISSENTER - One who did not belong to the established church, especially the Church of England in the American colonies.
- DISTRICT LAND OFFICE PLAT BOOK - Books or rather maps which show the location of the land patentee.
- DISTRICT LAND OFFICE TRACT BOOK - Books which list individual entries by range and township.
- DOUBLE DATING - A system of double dating used in England and America from 1582-1752 because it was not clear as to whether the year commenced January 1 or March 25
- DOWER - Legal right or share which a wife acquired by marriage in the real estate of her husband, allotted to her after his death for her lifetime.
- EMIGRANT - One leaving a country and moving to another.
- ENUMERATION - Listing or counting , such as a census.
- EPITAPH - An inscription on or at a tomb or grave in memory of the one buried there.
- ESCHEAT - The reversion of property to the state when there are no qualified heirs.
- ESTATE - All property and debts belonging to a person.
- ET AL - Latin for "and others".
- ET UX - Latin for "and wife".
- ET UXOR - And his wife. Sometimes written simply Et Ux.
- EXECUTOR - One appointed in a will to carry out its provisions. Female = Executrix
- FATHER-IN-LAW - Father of one's spouse.
- FEE - An estate of inheritance in land, being either fee simple or fee tail. An estate in land held of a feudal lord on condition of the performing of certain services.
- FEE SIMPLE - An absolute ownership without restriction.
- FEE TAIL - An estate of inheritance limited to lineal descendant heirs of a person to whom it was granted.
- FRATERNITY - Group of men (or women) sharing a common purpose or interest.
- FREE HOLD - An estate in fee simple, in fee tail, or for life.
- FRIEND - Member of the Religious Society of Friends; a Quaker.
- FURLONG - See measurements.
- GAZETTEER - A geographical dictionary; a book giving names and descriptions of places usually in alphabetical order.
- GENEALOGY - Study of family history and descent.
- GENTLEMAN - A man well born.
- GIVEN NAME - Name given to a person at birth or baptism, one's first and middle names.
- GLEBE - Land belonging to a parish church.
- GRANTEE - One who buys property or receives a grant.
- GRANTOR - One who sells property or makes a grant.
- GREAT-AUNT - Sister of one's grandparent
- GREAT-UNCLE - Brother of one's grandparent.
- GUARDIAN - Person appointed to care for and manage property of a minor orphan or an adult incompetent of managing his own affairs.
- HALF BROTHER/HALF SISTER - Child by another marriage of one's mother or father; the relationship of two people who have only one parent in common.
- HEIRS - Those entitled by law or by the terms of a will to inherit property from another.
- HOLOGRAPHIC WILL - One written entirely in the testator's own handwriting.
- HOMESTEAD ACT - Law passed by Congress in 1862 allowing a head of a family to obtain title to 160 acres of public land after clearing and improving it for 5 years.
- HUGUENOT - A French Protestant in the 16th and 17th centuries. One of the reformed or calvinistic communion who were driven by the thousands into exile in England, Holland, Germany and America.
- ILLEGITIMATE - Born to a mother who was not married to the child's father.
- IMMIGRANT - One moving into a country from another.
- INDENTURE - Today it means a contract in 2 or more copies. Originally made in 2 parts by cutting or tearing a single sheet across the middle in a jagged line so the two parts may later be matched.
- INDENTURED SERVANT - One who bound himself into service of another person for a specified number of years, often in return for transportation to this country.
- INFANT - Any person not of full age; a minor.
- INSTANT - Of or pertaining to the current month. (Abbreviated inst.)
- INTESTATE - One who dies without a will or dying without a will.
- INVENTORY - An account, catalog or schedule, made by an executor or administrator of all the goods and chattels and sometimes of the real estate of a deceased person.
- ISSUE - Offspring; children; lineal descendants of a common ancestor.
- LATE - Recently deceased.
- LEASE - An agreement which creates a landlord - tenant situation.
- LEGACY - Property or money left to someone in a will
- LIEN - A claim against property as security for payment of a debt.
- LINEAGE - Ancestry; direct descent from a specific ancestor.
- LINEAL - Consisting of or being in as direct line of ancestry or descendants; descended in a direct line.
- LINK - See measurements.
- LIS PENDENS - Pending court action; usually applies to land title claims.
- LODGE - A chapter or meeting hall of a fraternal organization.
- LOYALIST - Tory, an American colonist who supported the British side during the American Revolution.
- MAIDEN NAME - A girl's last name or surname before she marries.
- MANUSCRIPT - A composition written with the hand as an ancient book or an un-printed modern book or music.
- MARRIAGE BOND - A financial guarantee that no impediment to the marriage existed, furnished by the intended bridegroom or by his friends.
- MATERNAL - Related through one's mother, such as a Maternal grandmother being the mother's mother.
- MEASUREMENTS - Link - 7.92 inches; Chain - 100 Links or 66 feet; Furlong - 1000 Links or 660 feet; Rod - 5 1/2 yds or 16 1/2 ft (also called a perch or pole); Rood - From 5 1/2 yards to 8 yards, depending on locality; Acre - 43,560 square ft or 160 square rods.
- MESSUAGE - A dwelling house.
- METES & BOUNDS - Property described by natural boundaries, such as 3 notches in a white oak tree, etc.
- MICROFICHE - Sheet of microfilm with greatly reduced images of pages of documents.
- MICROFILM - Reproduction of documents on film at reduced size.
- MIGRANT - Person who moves from place to place, usually in search of work
- MIGRATE - To move from one country or state or region to another. (Noun : migration)
- MILITIA - Citizens of a state who are not part of the national military forces but who can be called into military service in an emergency; a citizen army, apart from the regular military forces.
- MINOR - One who is under legal age; not yet a legal adult.
- MISTER - In early times, a title of respect given only to those who held important civil officer or who were of gentle blood.
- MOIETY - A half; an indefinite portion
- MORTALITY - Death; death rate.
- MORTALITY SCHEDULES - Enumeration of persons who died during the year prior to June 1 of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 in each state of the United States, conducted by the bureau of census.
- MORTGAGE - A conditional transfer of title to real property as security for payment of a debt.
- MOTHER-IN-LAW - Mother of one's spouse.
- NAMESAKE - Person named after another person.
- NECROLOGY - Listing or record of persons who have died recently.
- NEE - Used to identify a woman's maiden name; born with the surname of.
- NEPHEW - Son of one's brother or sister.
- NIECE - Daughter of one's brother or sister.
- NONCUPATIVE WILL - One declared or dictated by the testator, usually for persons in last sickness, sudden illness, or military.
- ORPHAN - Child whose parents are dead; sometimes, a child who has lost one parent by death.
- ORPHAN'S COURT - Orphans being recognized as wards of the states, provisions were made for them in special courts.
- PASSENGER LIST - A ships list of passengers, usually referring to those ships arriving in the US from Europe.
- PATENT - Grant of land from a government to an individual.
- PATERNAL - Related to one's father. Paternal grandmother is the father's mother.
- PATRIOT - One who loves his country and supports its interests.
- PEDIGREE - Family tree; ancestry.
- PENSION - Money paid regularly to an individual, especially by a government as reward for military service during wartime or upon retirement from government service.
- PENSIONER - One who receives a pension.
- PERCH - See measurements.
- POLE - See measurements.
- POLL - List or record of persons, especially for taxing or voting.
- POST - Latin prefix meaning after, as in post-war economy.
- POSTERITY - Descendants; those who come after.
- POWER OF ATTORNEY - When a person in unable to act for himself, he appoints another to act in his behalf.
- PRE - Latin prefix meaning before, as in pre-war military build-up.
- PRE-EMOTION RIGHTS - Right given by the federal government to citizens to buy a quarter section of land or less.
- PROBATE - Having to do with wills and the administration of estates.
- PROGENITOR - A direct ancestor.
- PROGENY - Descendants of a common ancestor; issue.
- PROVED WILL - A will established as genuine by probate court.
- PROVOST - A person appointed to superintend, or preside over something.
- PROXIMO - In the following month, in the month after the present one.
- PUBLIC DOMAIN - Land owned by the government.
- QUAKER - Member of the Religious Society of Friends.
- QUITCLAIM - A deed conveying the interest of the party at that time.
- RECTOR - A clergyman; the ruler or governor of a country.
- RELICT - Widow; surviving spouse when one has died, husband or wife.
- REPUBLIC - Government in which supreme authority lies with the people or their elected representatives.
- ROD - See measurements.
- ROOD - See measurements.
- SHAKER - Member of a religious group formed in 1747 which practiced communal living and celibacy.
- SIBLING - Person having one or both parents in common with another; a brother or sister.
- SIC - Latin meaning thus; copied exactly as the original reads. Often suggests a mistake or surprise in the original.
- SON-IN-LAW - Husband of one's daughter.
- SPINSTER - A woman still unmarried; or one who spins.
- SPONSOR - A bondsman; surety.
- SPOUSE - Husband or wife.
- STATUTE - Law.
- STEP-BROTHER / STEP-SISTER - Child of one's step-father or step-mother.
- STEP-CHILD - Child of one's husband or wife from a previous marriage.
- STEP-FATHER - Husband of one's mother by a later marriage.
- STEP-MOTHER - Wife of one's father by a later marriage.
- SURNAME - Family name or last name.
- TERRITORY - Area of land owned by the United States, not a state, but having its own legislature and governor.
- TESTAMENTARY - Pertaining to a will.
- TESTATE - A person who dies leaving a valid will.
- TESTATOR - A person who makes a valid will before his death.
- TITHABLE - Taxable.
- TITHE - Formerly, money due as a tax for support of the clergy or church.
- TORY - Loyalist; one who supported the British side in the American Revolution.
- TOWNSHIP - A division of U.S. public land that contained 36 sections, or 36 square miles. Also a subdivision of the county in many Northeastern and Midwestern states of the U.S.
- TRADITION - The handing down of statements, beliefs, legends, customs, genealogies, etc. from generation to generation, especially by word of mouth.
- TRANSCRIBE - To make a copy in writing.
- ULTIMO - In the month before this one.
- UNION - The United States; also the North during the Civil War, the states which did not secede.
- VERBATIM - Word for word; in the same words, verbally.
- VITAL RECORDS - Records of birth, death, marriage or divorce.
- VITAL STATISTICS - Data dealing with birth, death, marriage or divorce.
- WARD - Chiefly the division of a city for election purposes.
- WILL - Document declaring how a person wants his property divided after his death.
- WITNESS - One who is present at a transaction, such as a sale of land or signing of a will, who can testify or affirm that it actually took place.
- WPA HISTORICAL RECORDS SURVEY - A program undertaken by the US Government 1935 - 1936 in which inventories were compiled of historical material.
- YEOMAN - A servant, an attendant or subordinate official in a royal household; a subordinate of a sheriff; an independent farmer.
Fact: A webinar is a new term to describe a specific type of web conference. It is typically one-way, from the speaker to the audience with limited audience interaction, such as in a webcast. A webinar can be collaborative and include polling and question & answer sessions to allow full participation between the audience and the presenter. In some cases, the presenter may speak over a standard telephone line, while pointing out information being presented onscreen, and the audience can respond over their own telephones, speaker phones allowing the greatest comfort and convenience.
Tip: Be sure to keep and use the latest updated version of the Adobe Flash Player for accessing online webinars. It's another excellent way to keep up on the latest genealogy information.